i4Health - Institute for International Internet Interventions for Health

Ricardo F. Muñoz, Ph.D.




The i4Health Lab is dedicated to advancing the field of psychology by harnessing the power of technology.            

Our mission:

  • To develop, evaluate, and disseminate digital prevention and treatment interventions for depression.
  • To contribute to the reduction of health disparities worldwide by making online interventions available at no charge to anyone who wants to use them. 
  • To produce these interventions in Spanish, English, and other languages.


Faculty Advisor’s background:  I joined PAU September 2012, after 35 years as professor at the University of California, San Francisco/San Francisco General Hospital (UCSF/SFGH). For a list of my publications, click HERE. For video presentations of my research program see: i4health.paloaltou.edu/manuals/videos.html

We will be accepting 3 students for 2021-2022.  We are looking for students with the following attributes:        


  • Strong interest in the prevention and treatment of depression in adults
  • Documented commitment to serving underserved populations
  • Commitment to the development of digital interventions (websites, videos, and/or apps)
  • Excellent writing ability and intention to publish your work in professional and popular journals



  • Advanced speaking, reading, and writing ability in Spanish
  • Experience with online survey development (ideally using Qualtrics)
  • Experience producing multimedia presentations, such as videos and animations
  • Strong database management and data analysis skills


Expectations:  Students joining the lab will:

  • Attend weekly lab meetings during Fall, Winter, and Spring Quarters, and spend ~7 additional hours/week on research activities related to lab projects as follows:
  • During the first year in the lab
  1. Become familiar with current online projects by assisting with data management, data analysis, creation of tables and figures, and coauthoring posters, presentations, and articles.
  2. Assist with creation of online projects, including constructing intervention websites or apps, videos, and methods to disseminate them widely.
  3. Take the January-March 2022 Winter quarter 3-unit elective course “Evidence-Based Internet Interventions to Reduce Health Disparities” taught by Muñoz and Dr. Blanca Pineda).                During this course, students will begin developing their own research project by producing a first draft of their dissertation proposal and a first version of an online intervention website.
  • Throughout their time in the lab: Contribute to lab projects. Students will have the opportunity to participate in all stages of the research process: grant writing and fund sourcing, submitting IRBs, literature reviews, participant recruitment, data collection and analysis, poster and paper publications.
  • Submit 1-2 posters per year, starting Fall Quarter, 2021; author or co-author scientific papers


Graduates of the lab will have obtained documented training in:

  • Cognitive-behavioral approaches to the prevention and treatment of depression
  • The evidence base for digital health interventions
  • The preparation of digital tools intended for underserved populations, such as Spanish speakers


To apply:  Please submit the following to rmunoz@paloaltou.edu by Friday, April 23, 2021 (earlier is better).

  1. Curriculum Vitae
  2. Transcript (unofficial is fine)
  3. Research interest statement (no more than two pages) discussing a) your commitments and aspirations regarding what you will contribute to the world as a psychologist, and b) which of the required and preferred skill sets listed above you would be able to contribute to our team, with supporting evidence. 
  4. A writing sample in English– for example, a paper submitted to a psychology class (undergraduate or graduate). Your Research Methods proposal paper from Fall quarter would be fine.
  5. If you are bilingual in Spanish, an additional writing sample in Spanish.
  6. If you have built websites or apps, a link to your site, how to download your app, or screen shots of the site or app.

Selected students will be invited to Zoom interviews during April and May.

Notification:  Students accepted into the i4Health Lab will be notified by Dr. Muñoz on Monday, May 21, 2021 at 4:00pm.



On digital interventions:

  • Muñoz, R. F. (2010) Using Evidence-Based Internet Interventions to Reduce Health Disparities Worldwide.  Journal of Medical Internet Research, 12(5):e60. PMID: 21169162.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Bunge, E. L., Chen, K., Schueller, S. M., Bravin, J. I., Shaughnessy, E. A., & Pérez-Stable, E. J. (2015). Massive Open Online Interventions: A novel model for delivering behavioral-health services worldwide. Clinical Psychological Science. http://doi.org/10.1177/2167702615583840
  • Muñoz RF, Chavira DA, Himle JA, Koerner K, Muroff J, Reynolds J, Rose ED, Ruzek JI, Teachman BA, Schueller SM. (2018). Digital apothecaries: a vision for making health care interventions accessible worldwide. mHealth 2018;4:18. doi: 10.21037/mhealth.2018.05.04


On Treatment and Prevention of Depression:

  • Muñoz, R. F., & Mendelson, T. (2005). Toward evidence-based interventions for diverse populations: The San Francisco General Hospital prevention and treatment manuals.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 790-799.
  • Muñoz, R. F., Cuijpers, P., Smit, F., Barrera, A.Z., & Leykin, Y.  (2010). Prevention of Major Depression.  Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 6, 181-212.
  • Dimidjian, S., Barrera, M., Martell, C., Muñoz, R. F., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (2011). The Origins and Current Status of Behavioral Activation Treatments for Depression. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 7(1), 1-38. doi: doi:10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032210-104535
  • Muñoz, R. F., Beardslee, W. R., & Leykin, Y. (2012).  Major depression can be prevented.  American Psychologist, 67, 285-295.  doi:10.1037/a0027666


Muñoz’s work is based on:

  1. Albert Bandura’s Social Learning/Social Cognitive Theory, and his work on self-efficacy. See: https://stanfordmag.org/contents/psychology-lessons-that-transcend-generations and

  2. Muñoz’s document titled “The Healthy Management of Reality” (http://i4health.paloaltou.edu/manuals/healthy-reality.html